The figure of king

2020-01-22 01:41 | Hits: 23

From: Three Pagodas of Chongsheng Temple Author: Office

Among JianChuan grottoes stone carvings statues, Dahei Deity and vaisravana come in pairs there are figures of northern vaisravana and Dahei Deity Sarden Qing Jiazi Temple in No.8 cave A Ang white statue in Stone Bell Temple area on both sides, No.6 "Dainichi Haihui" on both sides of the eight Ming Kings. The collocation of Dahei Deity and vaisravana is the special "combination in Yunnan province” in Nanzhao Dali kingdom period.

Being the Hindu deities in previous time, Dahei Deity later became the guardian deity of tantric Buddhism, tantra, one of the most common custodian in India tantrism, Tibet tantrism and even in Chinese tantra in tang dynasty. There are figures of Vaisravana in many parts of the north, who is known as the god of war since the Han dynasty, especially the period from Liang-Jin and Northern-Southern Dynasties to Sui and Tang Dynasties. However, they are often special honor, being alone, basically didn't come in pairs. And in Nanzhao Dali kingdom period, Dahei Deity and vaisravana come in pairs in the carved stone statues, painting works, becoming a great wonder in Buddhist statues.

As to Jiazi temple, the locals called "clip temple", it is said that there built the temple in ancient times, named "Jiazi", so it is named. There are no textual researches about the time when Jiazi temple was built and its circulating situation. Archaeologists found many tiles with impressions of words in slope beam under the rock, and impressions of words are popular building materials of temple architecture in Nanzhao Dali kingdom period. Dahei Deity and vaisravana are carved on the cliff of Jiazi temple respectively. Carved shrineArmy on the right side borders sramana pop, with helmet on head, dressed in armor, foot in boots and with frame silks; right hand holds three Steel forks with long handle, and the left hand holding steel pagoda; two feet separated, two feet steps into a ghost slave for each; Pop is carved round flame grain head light after his head. The statue is wide and square in face, double eyebrow rising, with the forehead, eyes, nose and cheeks bulge looking solemn and respectful. The upper is slightly flat, lower limb stump, waist slightly bent to the left. Two ghost slaves bodies drop down to the ground, the hair erect, with odious figure. There is a standing figure of bas-relief of vaisravana in the left grotto, who holds a layer of drum, beads, skeletons pot cup (blood d cup) and an steel pestle, bridle cable, three steel forks of long handle, 6 swords.

Vaisravana is one of the important Buddhist statues of Nanzhao Dali kingdom period, except JianChuan grottoes, JianChuan kinkazan, stone bell temple "Dainichi Buddha" grottoes, Luquan Mi Darla, west town in Jin Ning, Kunming ancient buildings of ksitigarbha temple etc., and there are the statue of vaisravana. There are also many statues of Vaisravana in “Zhang Shengwen painting Brahman volume”.

Since Nanzhao Dali kingdom, the admiration for Vaisravana is prevalent, and he is the guardian deity in Buddhism, becoming the guardian god of protecting frontier for Nanzhao Dali country. Today, the surviving statues of Vaisravana, is mainly built over the brink, cliff, or place of dangerous terrain, having the obvious military purposes. After the Nanzhao Dali kingdom, some villages take Vaisravana as its owner deities, and then Vaisravana transformed from a Buddhist guardian deity to a guardian god for the country, eventually becoming the patron saint of the village, enshrined in the Benzhu temple.

Dahei Deity has a head with six arms, skyeye between the forehead, high bun, with two layers skull bind in forehead of bun root, two eyebrows upward, with vertical round-shaped eyes, Qiang beard plumb, two steel teeth popping upward, looking fierce. Neck ties two series of skull ring, a string of neck, one of which drooped to abdomen. It is naked in upper body, tied with skirt, with circular skirt knot; skirt belt drooped to the ground through legs, feet with boots, two feet with snakes, snake body binding feet, the snake head up. There is a snake and skull in six arms. Implements held by six arms: trident, sword, weak cable, layer drum, blood cup and beads. Grotto is carved round flame grain head light after his head.

Sanskrit of Large Krishna is Mahakala, transliteration of Mahanaga, Mohigeluo and Mahagelal, also called great Krishna, Krishna deity and Mahakala deity. It is the manifestation of the Hindu god Siva, becoming one of the "four yaksha" of Buddhist tantric protective deities after absorption by Buddhist tantra, the god of cure disease, so it wins the worship of all beings. Another reason why Krishna deity is widely admired is that it is the embodiment of the big Buddha, the converted embodiment of wrath of the body of big Buddha to surrender all kinds of devils. Krishna deity "protecting and holding all the beings, with all rebellions winning” is a god of protection; it "loving three jewels, protecting and holding the five", gets widespread admiration by its ability to “wipe out ghosts which makes people infected with diseases". Krishna deity's position in Chinese Buddhism is not prominent, but it is very popular in Yunnan province. Erhai lake district residents often serve Krishna deity as its owner, and among 132 temples for its owner around Dianchi Lake, there are more than 130 temples worshiping Krishna deity.

Among statues of Ming king, gods and the like in Nanzhao Dali kingdom period, the roleof a Krishna deity is very special. Krishna deity wins widely worship in Erhai lake, Dianchi lake areas and other agglomeration areas of the Bai nationality in which tantric Buddhism A Chili sect once had fashioned; nowadays, there are usually many Krishna deity statues in temples in Yunnan, even the dhyana sect of Jizu Mountain Buddhism also has his place.  



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Editor: Apple 2020-01-22 01:47